Abamectin Market Requires a Rational Development
With a variety of new international patents of full expiration, abamectin products sales reached hundreds of billions of dollars all over the world. At the same time, demand for the products is gradually rising in some developing countries and regions. For example, countries in Southeast Asia like Singapore, Vietnam and Thailand. There is an increasing trend in importing abamectin from China.
Since abamectin can be widely applied to the pest control for vegetables, fruit trees, wheat, rice, cotton, tobacco and other crops, it can be mixed with most pesticides to expand insecticide spectrum and improve the control effect and insecticidal speed. With highly toxic pesticides disabled, a large number of downstream products developed and use range expanded, abamectin market demand further expand. In addition, the exit of five highly toxic pesticides brings a great space to develop the abamectin series pesticide products.
Due to the continuous development of the international organic agricultural products market, the growth in market demand for agricultural products without side effects of chemical fertilizer and pest resistance to chemical pesticides increased, the world is in a growing demand for bio-pesticides, which provides very broad prospects for the development and production of bio-pesticides. As the major bio-pesticides, abamectin insecticide has good development prospects too.
On the China’s market, a new industrial age emphasizes the green, environmental protection, and harmonious society, which brings an unprecedented development opportunity for abamectin and abamectin derivatives. Abamectin’s opportunity facing in China is the substitution effect of a total ban on highly toxic pesticides in 2007. Highly toxic pesticides used in China each year accounted for about 30 % of the total amount of pesticides used, while five kinds of highly toxic organophosphorus pesticides used such as methamidophos, parathion, methyl parathion, monocrotophos and phosphorus amine accounted for about 80% of the amount of use of highly toxic pesticides. The exit of five highly toxic pesticides directly provides development space for the efficient and low-toxicity biopesticides like abamectin.
But in the face of opportunities, there are also challenges for the development of abamectin. Although industrial production is currently achieved, there are still problems of difficult strains selection and high production cost during the process of the industrialization, which greatly limits the abamectin applications. However, with the growing popularity of abamectin applications, its resistance presented in plants grows year after year. Among them, insecticide resistance of vegetable diamondback moth to abamectin increases with the breeding of generation, the resistance up to 812.7 times through 27 generations. According to the relevant investigation and analysis, the diamondback moth resistant to the abamectin has increased several times, and its sensitivity to abamectin has gradually declined all over, even to a moderate level. Besides, abamectin industry is highly energy-consuming, with its energy consumpsion accounting for more than 30% of total production costs. In addition, its sewage and waste discharge has yet to get a better handling, by which environmental pollution caused is urgent to be solved.
For reasons mentioned above, some experts of the pesticides industry speculate that abamectin product lifecycle is about to come into the aging period, and the market outlook is not optimistic. Meanwhile, some farmers and vendors in China also reflect that it is hard to effectively kill pests even increasing drug concentration. It is understood that the abamectin pesticides just list with emulsifiable concentrate of 0.2%, while Chinese manufacturers have registered abamectin products with emulsifiable concentrate of 3% this year. Producers increasing emulsifiable concentrate content are considered to be a last resort, because pests are stronger and stronger. That farmers are poor in drug use is the root cause of the self-defeating situation.
It should be said, abamectin’s glory is difficult to continue, which shows the high-quality pesticide embarrassed in front of the low-quality application. But, products like abamectin should not be so short in the life cycle. If it is used more scientifically and rationally, it could have a long-term use like other pesticides.